Amniotic Fluid Stem Cells

Stem cells obtained from the amniotic fluid have recently become an interesting alternate source of pluripotent stem cells for therapeutic applications. Similar to embryonic stem cells, amniotic fluid stem cells are clonogenic and have the capacity to differentiate into cells of the endoderm, mesoderm and ectoderm lineages. These cells are characterized by their positive expression of Oct4-A, SOX2 and NANOG. PRIME-XV® AFSC Expansion Medium is the first commercially available medium specifically designed to expand this small subset of cells in the amniotic fluid.